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Childhood trauma linked to impaired social cognition later in life for patients with major psychiatric disorders - Dotemirates
2 month 1 week

Childhood trauma linked to impaired social cognition later in life for patients with major psychiatric disorders

A new report published in European Psychiatry identified a significant association between childhood adversity and impaired social cognitive functioning among adults diagnosed with major psychiatric disorders. Through a comprehensive review of all research conducted to date, the investigators established that a traumatic early social environment frequently leads to social cognitive problems and greater illness severity for individuals with schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, borderline personality disorder, major depressive disorder, or post-traumatic stress disorder. "Early childhood neglect, abuse, and/or trauma puts patients at greater risk for developing cognitive impairments that will later affect social perception and interaction, a core aspect of disability in...


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Health News

18 minute 11 second

IBD disability index for self-report reliable, valid

(HealthDay)—The Inflammatory Bowel Disease Disability Index (IBD-DI) for self-report (IBD-DI-SR) is reliable and valid for measuring disability in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), according to a study recently published online in the Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology. Emma Paulides, from the University of Otago in Christchurch, New Zealand, and colleagues recruited ambulatory IBD who completed the IBD-DI interview and self-report version. Participants were randomly assigned to first complete the clinical interview or self-report. The IBD-DI-SR was validated by calculating the correlation coefficient between the clinician-completed and self-reported version of the IBD-DI and Cronbach's α of internal consistency of the self-report. Data...
25 minute 32 second

AI-based smartphone app can help cut cancer pain severity

(HealthDay)—An artificial intelligence (AI)-based smartphone app can reduce the severity of cancer patients' reported pain and hospital admissions, according to a study presented at the annual Palliative and Supportive Care in Oncology Symposium, held from Nov. 16 to 17 in San Diego. Mihir M. Kamdar, M.D., from Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston, and colleagues developed and evaluated an AI-based called ePAL. The authors assigned 56 patients to use the app and 56 to usual care. Those randomly assigned to the app received alerts on their smartphones with daily management tips and were prompted to submit their pain levels three days...
28 minute 7 second

Study: As More Kids Vaped, Teens Smoked Less

By Dennis Thompson HealthDay Reporter TUESDAY, Nov. 20, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The advent of the e-cigarette appears to have spurred a huge drop in tobacco smoking rates among teenagers and young adults, a new study claims. Previous research has argued that vaping could prove to be a gateway drug for smoking, by getting youngsters hooked on nicotine and used to the physical actions associated with smoking. Instead, smoking among teens dropped off dramatically after e-cigarette use became more widespread in 2013, said lead researcher David Levy. He is a professor with the Georgetown University Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center, in...

31 minute 16 second

Sugar supplement slows tumor growth and can improve cancer treatment

Mannose sugar, a nutritional supplement, can both slow tumour growth and enhance the effects of chemotherapy in mice with multiple types of cancer. This lab study is a step towards understanding how mannose could be used to help treat . The results of the study, which was funded by Cancer Research UK and Worldwide Cancer Research, are published in Nature, today (Wednesday). Tumours use more glucose than normal, healthy tissues. However, it is very hard to control the amount of glucose in your body through diet alone. In this study, the researchers found that mannose can interfere with glucose to...
36 minute 25 second

Researchers discover key gene in cells associated with age-related hearing loss

An international group of researchers, led by Ronna Hertzano, MD, Ph.D., Associate Professor, Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, Anatomy and Neurobiology, at the University of Maryland School of Medicine (UMSOM), and Michael Bowl, Ph.D., Programme Leader Track Scientist, Mammalian Genetics Unit, MRC Harwell Institute, UK, have identified the gene that acts as a key regulator for special cells needed in hearing. The discovery of this gene (Ikzf2) will help researchers better understand this unique type of cell that is needed for and potentially develop treatments for common age-related hearing loss. "Outer hair cells are the first inner ear cells...
44 minute 24 second

Study calls for shake-up in mental health provision to improve patient outcomes

A new study published in the journal Social Theory & Health has called into question how patients interact and respond to psychiatry when they present to mental health services. The research focuses on how the public view mental disorders and treatments, ranging from anxiety and depression through to schizophrenia, in order to consider how care might better be deployed and managed. By analysing published research on the topic and examining the wider context which has seen rise in prominence among policy-makers, the study advocates that service provision must adapt in line with ' views on mental . Since the 1960s...