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Medical Xpress


15 minute 42 second

Teen personality traits linked to risk of death from any cause 50 years later

Personality traits evident as early as the teenage years may be linked to a heightened or lessened risk of death around 50 years later, suggests observational research of 'baby boomers,' published online in the Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health. Energy, calmness, empathy, maturity and intellectual curiosity may be protective, while impulsivity may harm the chances of longevity, the findings indicate. Previous research suggests that traits in mid-life may predict the probability of dying earlier or later. But it's not clear if the potential seeds of this association might go back even further, as has already been suggested for IQ...
17 minute 43 second

Aftermath of EU referendum linked to rise in antidepressant prescribing in England

Antidepressant prescribing in England rose relative to other types of drug in the immediate aftermath of the results of the European Union referendum in June 2016, when Britons voted in favor of Brexit, reveals research published online in the Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health. While this finding is open to interpretation, the trend might have been prompted by the increased uncertainty experienced by some sectors of the population, in the wake of the vote, suggest the researchers. Mental service provision may need to be strengthened during such periods they add. When the UK voted to leave the EU on...
25 minute 47 second

Pace of US smoking rate decline mirrors rapid rise in popularity of vaping

The pace of the fall in smoking prevalence among teens and young adults in the US has mirrored the rapid rise in popularity of e-cigarettes, suggesting that the two may be linked, finds research published online in the journal Tobacco Control. While trying may prompt some to take up at the individual level, there is little evidence that this is the case at the , conclude the researchers. And these findings are consistent over several years, they emphasise. Earlier this year, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine published a report which concluded there was "substantial evidence" that among...

2 hour 17 minute

Immunotherapy side effects may be more common than thought

(HealthDay)—Adverse events for immune checkpoint inhibitors used to treat non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) may be more common in real-world settings than reported in the clinical trials that led to U.S. Food and Drug Administration approvals, according to a study presented at the annual Palliative and Supportive Care in Oncology Symposium, held from Nov. 16 to 17 in San Diego. Elizabeth Jane Cathcart-Rake, M.D., from the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota, and colleagues used administrative claims data from a large U.S. commercial insurance database (OptumLabs Data Warehouse) to retrospectively identify with NSCLC who received programmed cell death 1 or programmed...
2 hour 23 minute

What are this year's most dangerous toys?

(HealthDay)—Not all the toys in Santa's sack are safe to play with. Among this year's most dangerous playthings are data-collecting dolls and fidget spinners full of lead, a new report says. "We should be able to trust that the toys we buy are safe. However, until that's the case, toy buyers need to watch out for common hazards when shopping for 's presents," said Dev Gowda, of the U.S. Public Interest Research Group (PIRG) Education Fund. "No should ever be injured, get sick, or die from playing with a dangerous toy," Gowda said in a news release from the group....
2 hour 47 minute

People in US, Canada warned to not eat romaine lettuce

Health officials in the U.S. and Canada on Tuesday told people to avoid eating romaine lettuce because of a new E. coli outbreak. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration said it was working with officials in Canada on the outbreak, which has sickened 32 people in 11 states in the U.S. and 18 people in the Canadian provinces of Ontario and Quebec. The strain identified is different than the one linked to earlier this year , but it appears similar to one linked to leafy greens last year. FDA Commissioner Scott Gottlieb says the agency didn't have enough information to...

2 hour 49 minute

Green Tuesday: Crowds line up at 1st East Coast pot shops

People lined up in the rain Tuesday morning to be among the first customers at the first two legal pot shops on the U.S. East Coast, more than two years after Massachusetts voters approved of recreational marijuana for adults. The state's first commercial pot shops opened in Leicester and Northampton—selling strains of the part of the plant that can be smoked, pre-rolled joints and edibles such as brownies and chocolate bars. Marijuana is already sold legally in six Western states but the long-awaited opening of recreational outlets in Massachusetts marks a major milestone for the industry in the U.S. Canada...
2 hour 54 minute

One in four U.S. adults sits more than eight hours a day

(HealthDay)—Couch Potato Nation: Nearly half of Americans sit for far too many hours a day and don't get any exercise at all, a new study finds. A survey of some 5,900 adults found that nearly 26 percent sit for more than eight hours a day, 45 percent don't get any moderate or vigorous exercise during the week, and about 11 percent sit more than eight hours a day and are physically inactive. "Being sedentary increases the risk for , and dying early," said lead author Emily Ussery. She is an epidemiologist at the National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and...
2 hour 57 minute

Pain management telementoring may cut opioid prescribing

(HealthDay)—Military patients whose primary care clinicians participated in a telementoring program, including education on pain management best practices, have larger declines in opioid-related prescriptions than patients whose clinicians did not participate, according to a study published online Oct. 31 in the Journal of General Internal Medicine. Joanna G. Katzman, M.D., M.S.P.H., from the University of New Mexico in Albuquerque, and colleagues assessed military medical treatment facilities worldwide to determine whether participation in the Army and Navy Chronic Pain and Opioid Management TeleECHO Clinic (ECHO Pain) yielded significant declines in prescribing among primary care clinicians. ECHO Pain involved telementoring regarding best...

3 hour 29 second

Startling these twins could put their hearts at risk

Katie and Lance Cox were watching TV one evening, their infant twins Carter and John asleep nearby, when Katie dropped the remote control. As it clattered across the floor, the couple froze, staring terrified at one another. They weren't worried about the remote. They were concerned that the noise would startle their babies to death. That's what life is like when say your newborns have only a 50 percent chance of surviving to their first birthday. Carter and John were each born with a heart defect called long QT syndrome that can cause the heart to go into an irregular...
3 hour 4 minute

Increased risk for oral cancer with exposure to high PM2.5

(HealthDay)—Taiwanese men exposed to high concentrations of fine particulate matter 2.5 (PM2.5) have an increased risk for oral cancer, according to a study recently published in the Journal of Investigative Medicine. Yu-Hua Chu, from Asia University in Taichung City, Taiwan, and colleagues examined the correlation between PM2.5 and among Taiwanese men using four linked data sources. The analysis included 482,659 men aged 40 years and older. Concentrations of sulfur dioxide, , ozone, and , coarse particulate matter (PM10-2.5), and PM2.5 were assessed in quartiles for 2009. The authors assessed the correlation between PM2.5 and oral cancer diagnosed from 2012 to...
3 hour 10 minute

Strong but uneven spending in medical and health research and development across sectors over five-year period

Total U.S. investment in medical and health research and development (R&D) in the U.S. grew by 27% over the five-year period from 2013 to 2017, led by industry and the federal government, according to U.S. Investments in Medical and Health Research and Development, a new report from Research!America. Industry accounted for 67% of total spending in 2017, followed by the federal government at 22%. The National Institutes of Health (NIH) accounted for the lion's share of federal spending in medical and health research in 2017 - $32.4 billion or 82.1%. Academic and , including colleges and universities, independent research institutes...